What is Metal Fabrication?
Metal fabrication is the manipulation of metal by cutting, bending or other processes in order to build or fashion another structure, machine or tool. It is a vital process in modern day industry and often the structures created by the metal fabrication process are used in the construction of buildings, boilers, chemical plants, transportation vehicles and cranes. Often these products are fabricated from sheet steel, rolled steel joists (RSJs) and other standard metal angles, tees and sections. Sheets of metal are rolled to form pipes and tanks.
The cutting process used by metal fabricators sees them cut, shape and weld metal, often with the aid of oxy-acetylene equipment and powerful guillotines. They produce a wide range of products by bending and folding the metal using powerful brake presses.
There are two ways in which metal or steel fabrication takes place. First is the raw material approach, also known as the integrated route. Approximately 60% of steel fabrication takes place this way. Basically, the materials are heated up, melted down, and mixed into steel.
The other way is actually easier and much quicker, and this is the electric arc furnace (EAF) method of steel fabrication. In this method, recycled steel is put into a furnace and melted down. Steel is the end product here once mixed with other metals. Just over a third of metal and steel fabrication incorporates the use of the EAF method.
What is Metal Fabrication?
A metal fabricator’s workshop needs to be spacious in order to carry out large scale projects. Without these facilities certain projects or jobs will be restricted. Upper scale workshops in the metal fabrication industry will have square footage space of approximately 10,000 sqf in order to carry out large scale steel fabrication work. Furthermore, they would need to have sufficient storage space for completed projects or for other required materials.
Safety and certification are of paramount importance in the metal fabrication industry and there are a number of safety standards and procedures that have to be met in the Canadian metal industry. This promotes the safety of metal workers but also of the work being carried out. A well-run steel fabricators shop operates 24 hours a day, as metal and steel fabrication work is often a long ongoing project. Metal and steel fabricators have helped in the fabrication of such items as pipe spools, pipe manifolds, pipe shoes, pipe anchors, pipeline anchors, tailing spill boxes, re-pads, structural frames, pile caps, splicing rings, oil field skids, steel platforms, frames for modules, ladders, stairs, etc.